|2||CONDITIONS FOR REGISTRATION OF .PT DOMAINS/SUB-DOMAINS|
|2.3.||CONDITIONS FOR COMPOSING NAMES|
|2.4||DOCUMENTS TO BE SUPPLIED|
|2.6||REJECTION OF AN APPLICATION TO REGISTER A DOMAIN/SUB-DOMAIN|
|2.7||ALTERATION OF A DOMAIN/SUB-DOMAIN|
|2.8||REMOVING A DOMAIN/SUB-DOMAIN|
|2.10||PT DNS CONSULTATIVE BOARD|
|2.12||POWERS OF THE MINISTER FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY|
The FCCN - Funda??o para a Computa??o Cient?fica Nacional (Foundation for National Scientific Computation), is a private non-profit-making institution whose responsibilities, in addition to those defined by statute, include managing the registration service for .pt domains under the authority delegated by the IANA - Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (RFC 1032/3/4 and 1591), an organisation that has recently been replaced by the ICANN- Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.
The FCCN organises the space for .pt names via classifications designed to divide the .pt address space in such a way that it facilitates the accommodation of different kinds of institutions and sectors of activity. The registration of domains may thus be made directly under '.pt', or under one of the domain classifiers (.pt sub-domains), '.net.pt', '.gov.pt', '.org.pt', '.edu.pt' , '.int.pt', '.publ.pt' , '.com.pt' or '.nome.pt'.
Only domains registered directly under the .pt or under one of the sub-domain classifiers given in this document are regarded as official .pt domains.
At international level, the FCCN has been taking an active part, as both member and protagonist, in meetings and work groups of accredited organisations embraced by the Internet. Such organisations include the ICANN and the CENTR - Council of European National Top level domain Registries. Within the scope of the recommendations made by these bodies, the FCCN would like to develop its work so as to guarantee the following:
Since more and more questions are raised with respect to domain names and intellectual property rights, and as a consequence of international recommendations, the FCCN:
The regulations and procedures described in this document have been revised in compliance with the needs driven by the strong growth of the Internet. With regard to this, and with the aim of making this medium even more accessible to the general public, the cost of registering domains/sub-domains has been reduced, especially with reference to the .nome.pt classification, since it is hoped to encourage the production of personal pages.
The FCCN is also encouraging Internet users to send any suggestions they may have in relation to this document. If they are considered relevant and of possible use in the future, they will be borne in mind in future revisions.
This document is available in electronic format at http://www.dns.pt/.
2.1.1.A primary name server must be installed, and at least one secondary server, though it is recommended that there should be two or more secondary servers.
2.1.2. Whenever technically feasible, the different servers should be installed in independent buildings, not using the same local network.
2.1.3. Permanent Internet access must be guaranteed to the servers, so that they can be consulted at any time. These servers should be parametrized according to the paramand 1101, as well as any other documents, current or future, that are applicable in this context.etrization and utilization rules established by RFC 819, 920, 874, 1032 to 1035 .
2.2.1.General Conditions To register a .pt domain/sub-domain, the appropriate form must first be completed, giving the domain/sub-domain wanted, the applicant and, in the case of a Legal Person, the respective contact, the body responsible for managing the domain/sub-domain, its contact, the administrator responsible, the technician in charge and the primary server. Next, all the back-up documentation should be attached, forwarding the application to the address indicated. If the documents are complete, with no reason for rejection, and the servers are correctly configured and connected, a domain/sub-domain will be activated within a minimum period of 10 working days.
The applicant will be the holder of the domain/sub-domain, which solely serves to associate a .pt domain with an IP address. In addition to the responsibilities inherent to the choice of the domain/sub-domain name, the applicant may indicate a body - managing body for the domain/sub-domain - to take care of the registration/maintenance process, or choose to assume all these responsibilities. In the event of this being a Legal Person or public institution, the full name of the person to be contacted, if necessary, must be given. Furthermore, the applicant can alter all the information supplied, and also remove the domain/sub-domain.
18.104.22.168. Body managing the domain/sub-domain
This body will be responsible for managing the registration/maintenance application for a domain/sub-domain. It will simultaneously be responsible for it administratively and technically. It will thus be necessary to give the full name of the person to be contacted (if necessary), and information concerning the people in charge, depending on the kind of problem, since contact will be made with them, whenever necessary. Thus its sole responsibility will be to ensure that the data on the people with administrative and technical responsibility is kept up to date. The FCCN will not be responsible for any difficulties in making contact that arise from the failure to keep this information up to date.
22.214.171.124. Administrative officer
The individual named as being in charge of administration should be a representative either of the applicant for the domain/sub-domain or of the management body designated for the purpose. It will be the sole responsibility of this individual to ensure the smooth running of the registration process for the domain/sub-domain, particularly with regard to back-up documentation and payment. The invoices related to the domain/sub-domain will be sent to this person so that he/she can instigate punctual payment of the sums due. The administrative officer will be duly notified of any administrative or financial problems arising from the registration/maintenance of the domain/sub-domain, and so the contacts must always be up to date, since the FCCN will not be responsible in any way for any difficulties in making contact that arise from the failure to keep this information up to date.
126.96.36.199. Technical officer
The technical officer must be an individual with authority to manage the domain/sub-domain names, and this person will be in charge of the behaviour of its hosts. This person must be technically competent and capable of receiving and assessing reports on problems and, when necessary, taking steps to resolve them. The technical officer will be duly notified of problems of a technical nature which may arise from the registration/maintenance of the domain/sub-domain. It is therefore essential to keep details of this contact up to date, since the FCCN will not be responsible in any way for any difficulties in making contact that arise from the failure to keep this information up to date.It must be possible to get in touch with the technical officer via the mailbox specified in the SOA resource record, and so this must be activated.
188.8.131.52. The application to register/alter/remove a domain/sub-domain must be sent to the FCCN by means of the appropriate form, which will depend on the hierarchy in which it is registered/altered/removed. The forms are attached and may be copied freely.
184.108.40.206. All documentation forwarded to the .pt Domain/Sub-domain Registration Service should be sent to the following address:
220.127.116.11. . Requests for information or clarification should be made by e-mail if possible, from firstname.lastname@example.org.
18.104.22.168. The .pt Domain/Sub-domain Registration Service can also be contacted by Fax: 21 8440157, or by phone: 808 20 10 39 (local call rate) (service open, from 8.00am to 8.00pm).
22.214.171.124. The administrative officer will be notified, by e-mail if possible, of the omission of any of the formal procedures for registering a domain/sub-domain, such as the lack of a back-up document.
126.96.36.199. If any technical problem is detected in the domain/sub-domain, the technical officer will be notified by the means described above.
188.8.131.52. In the cases given in the preceding points, the person in charge who has been notified must, within a period of 30 days, regularise the situation in question on pain of having the registration application archived, with the applicant then being required to start the process again by sending a new application.
184.108.40.206. The FCCN will always use electronic mail as the means of contacting the various individuals in charge of the domain/sub-domain. Resort to other means will only be made when this is not available.
220.127.116.11. Notifications sent by the applicant or by the body managing the domain/sub-domain to the addresses given will always be deemed to be valid.
2.3.1. General conditions
18.104.22.168. Unless there is any provision to the contrary, the name of the domain/sub-domain to be registered should have between 2 and 63 characters, belonging to the following group*: 0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
*No distinction is made between upper and lower case characters.
22.214.171.124. Domain/sub-domain names may not:
a ) Correspond to any Internet top domain, already existing or being created;
b) Corresponder a quaisquer protocolos, aplica??es ou terminologias da Internet**;
126.96.36.199. However, the following may be accepted as valid conversions of characters not included in the previous point, when these characters serve as the basis for the application to register domains/sub-domains:
188.8.131.52. The hyphen character - is accepted as a word separator, though it may not be used at the beginning or at the end of the name of the domain/sub-domain. The hyphen is not a distinguishing part of the name, which is to say, if the domain 'fccn.pt' has already been registered, it is not possible to register 'fc-cn.pt' (or any other variations where the hyphen is the only distinguishing character) in the same category (directly under .pt or under any domain classifier).
184.108.40.206. A domain/sub-domain name cannot be the same as another domain/sub-domain name previously registered in the category requested (directly under .pt or under any classifier domain), though the same name can be registered in different classifier domains.
220.127.116.11. An internal reference number will be given to each application to register a domain/sub-domain. The domain/sub-domain name will be granted to whoever first submits a proper application with the respective documents and payment/promise of payment. The order of precedence for applications will be gauged by the date and time of their receipt by the FCCN.
18.104.22.168. If the basis of the domain/sub-domain registration is an application to register a brand name, its owner must give proof of the progress of the brand name registration process to the Domain Registration Service every six months.
22.214.171.124 Whenever a domain/sub-domain coincides with a brand name, the content of the domain must correspond to the sphere of the class to which that brand name belongs.
**such as: telnet, ftp, www, smtp, wais, news, rfc, ietf, mbone, bbs, isoc, internic, ipv4, ipv6.
2.3.2. Regulations Applicable to the Domain Names Registered Directly under.pt
126.96.36.199. The following names may be registered directly under .pt: Legal Persons, administratively independent public bodies, sole partnerships, self-employed persons and those who hold brand names registered nationally, with the EU or internationally, or who have submitted applications to register brand names with any of the aforementioned entities.
188.8.131.52. The composition of a .pt domain name must comply with the following rules:
a)The domain/sub-domain name to be registered must have between 3 and 63 characters belonging to the following group*: 0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
b)They may not correspond to geographical names, that is, they may not be toponyms, names of rivers, regions etc.
c)In the case of Legal Persons, the domain name must be the same as the company name or designation appearing on the Legal Person Identity Card (CIPC) issued by the Registo Nacional de Pessoas Colectivas [National Registry of Legal Persons] (RNPC) or equivalent document;
d)In the case of administratively independent public bodies, the domain name must be the same as that published in the Di?rio da Rep?blica [Official Government Publication] (DR), proving administrative independence;
e)In the case of sole partnerships, the domain name must be exactly the same as that of the respective company name appearing in the document proving such status;
*There is no distinction between upper and lower case characters.
f)In the case of self-employed persons, the domain name must be exactly the same as the respective professional name appearing on the document proving that status. Where there is no pre-defined professional name, i.e. one attached to a professional Association, it will have to consist of at least two names;
g)In the case of those who hold brand names registered nationally, with the EU or internationally, or who have submitted registration applications to any of the aforementioned authorities, the domain name should correspond to that described in sub-paragraph b) of point 184.108.40.206, below.
220.127.116.11 The following are also accepted as domain names:
a)Abbreviations and acronyms of names appearing in the documents mentioned in sub-paragraphs c) and d) of the previous point, unless they result in inversions of/additions to them.
b)Brand name descriptions and descriptive elements of a mixture of brand names registered by the applicant for a domain, such as appear in the respective national, EU or international registration certificate, as long as, for the last-named cases, the brand names extend to Portugal. Domain name registrations based on applications to register a brand name are also accepted, under the provisions established in point 18.104.22.168.
22.214.171.124. In the cases established in point 126.96.36.199., above, the domain name may not:
a) Correspond to names that may mislead or confuse vis-?-vis its ownership, especially by coinciding with well-known or distinguished brand names belonging to someone else;
b) Exclusively contain expressions without distinctive force, by referring to the kind, quality, quantity, purpose, value, geographical origin or season for producing the goods or services, or similar characteristics;
c) Correspond to words or expressions that run counter to the law, public order or good practice.
2.3.3. Regulations Applicable to Names Registered under .net.pt
188.8.131.52. Only telecommunication service providers registered with the Instituto das Comunica??es de Portugal [Communications Institute of Portugal] (ICP) may be registered under.net.pt.
184.108.40.206. The composition of the sub-domain .net.pt name must comply with the following rules:
a) The name of the sub-domain must be the same as that registered with the Instituto das Comunica??es de Portugal (ICP);
b) Sub-domain names that are abbreviations or acronyms of the names appearing in the document mentioned in sub-paragraph a) are accepted unless they result in inversions of/additions to them.
c) The name of a sub-domain may also be exactly the same as a title/application to register a brand name, mixed or descriptive, in the 38th ownership class of the applicant;
d) In the cases established in sub-paragraph b) above, the name of the sub-domain must further comply with the stipulations in 220.127.116.11.
e) In the cases established in the preceding sub-paragraph c), the name of the sub-domain must further comply with the stipulations in sub-paragraphs a) and c) of point 18.104.22.168
2.3.4. Rules Applicable to Names Registered under .gov.pt
22.214.171.124. Only bodies that belong to the Portuguese Government structure may be registered under .gov.pt.
126.96.36.199. The .gov.pt sub-domain name must be the same as the name of the applicant or as its abbreviation or acronym, or as the name of a project or scheme developed or being developed by it.
2.3.5. Rules Applicable to Names registered under .org.pt
188.8.131.52. Only non-profit-making organisations that can prove their legal status by producing their Articles of Association may register under .org.pt.
184.108.40.206. The name of the .org.pt sub-domain must be the same as the name of the applicant or as an abbreviation or acronym of it, unless, in the last case, this results in an inversion of/addition to it, or fails to comply with the conditions established in 220.127.116.11..
2.3.6. Rules Applicable to Names Registered under .edu.pt
18.104.22.168. Public education establishment, or owners of private education establishments, or co-operatives, may register names under .edu.pt.
22.214.171.124. The name of a .edu.pt sub-domain must be the same as the attributed designation in the document that identifies/recognises the nature of the educational establishment, or as an abbreviation or acronym of that designation, unless, in the last case, this results in an inversion of/addition to it, or fails to comply with the conditions established in 126.96.36.199..
2.3.7. Rules Applicable to Names Regisered under .int.pt
188.8.131.52. All international organisations and all diplomatic representations duly registered with the National Registry of Legal Persons may register names under .int.pt.
184.108.40.206. The .int.pt sub-domain name must be the same as the designation of the applicant, duly confirmed by the document that identifies its nature, or as an abbreviation or acronym of that designation, unless, in the last case, this results in an inversion of/addition to it, or fails to comply with the conditions established in 220.127.116.11..
2.3.8. Rules Applicable to Names Registered under .publ.pt
18.104.22.168. Owners of periodical publications registered with the Instituto de Comunica??o Social [Media Institute] (ICS) may apply for sub-domain names under .publ.pt.
22.214.171.124. The .publ.pt sub-domain name must be exactly the same as that which appears in the registration of the periodical publication with the Instituto de Comunica??o Social (ICS), or as an abbreviation or acronym of that designation, unless, in the last case, this results in an inversion of/addition to it, or fails to comply with the conditions established in 126.96.36.199..
2.3.9. Rules Applicable to Names Registered under .com.pt
188.8.131.52. There is absolutely no restriction with respect to the kind of applicant for domain names under .com.pt.
184.108.40.206. The .com.pt sub-domain name may not:
a) Correspond to names that may mislead or confuse vis-?-vis its ownership, especially by coinciding with well-known or distinguished brand names belonging to someone else;
b) Correspond to words or expressions that run counter to the law, public order or good practice.
220.127.116.11. The registration of .com.pt sub-domains can only be submitted by electronic means, and no back-up documents of any kind are required.
18.104.22.168. Sub-domains registered under .com.pt may not be transferred, in view of which their ownership may not be transferred to anyone else.
22.214.171.124. The FCCN will immediately remove any sub-domain registered as a .com.pt which violates the applicable rules stipulated in points 126.96.36.199. and 188.8.131.52. and it will foster the establishment of mechanisms for the swift and efficient monitoring of domain names registered under this classifier domain.
2.3.10. Rules Applicable to Names Registered under .nome.pt
184.108.40.206. Any individual holding a Portuguese identity card or any resident in Portugal who has a valid residence permit can apply for '.nome.pt' sub-domain names.
220.127.116.11. The .nome.pt sub-domain name must be composed of:
a) Two or more names appearing on the identity card or residence permit of the individual applying, one of which must be the surname, or, alternatively, the names may consist of abbreviations, as long as the composition of this abbreviation derives from a given name or surname taken individually or meets the conditions stipulated in point 18.104.22.168.;
b) the literary, artistic, scientific or professional name used by the individual making the application.
2.3.11. Registrations based on legally established criteria
In addition to the registration of the domains/sub-domains described in the preceding points, registrations that meet the conditions established by law are also accepted.
2.4.1. The documents referred to in the table under the preceding point may be submitted to the FCCN in hard copy or by electronic means, as long as they incorporate all the requisites enabling them to be ascribed an equivalent confirmatory value. The FCCN may require all or some of the documents mentioned in the table under point 2.4. to be submitted exclusively by electronic means.
Two kinds of charge shall apply to the registration of a domain/sub-domain: a submission charge and a biennial maintenance charge, the amount of which is given in appendix B to these regulations.
2.5.1. Purpose and processing of payments
22.214.171.124. The charge for submitting a domain/sub-domain is intended to cover the initial operating costs inherent to the registration process. The domain/sub-domain will only be assessed once payment of the submission charge has been confirmed. The FCCN will issue an invoice/receipt to the administrative officer in charge of the domain/sub-domain against proof of payment.
126.96.36.199. The charge for biennial maintenance covers the costs of managing and maintaining the domain/sub-domain, from the date of its activation up to two subsequent years, including any alterations that may be made to the information given in the registration application form. After activation of the domain/sub-domain a invoice/receipt payable within 30 days will be issued to the administrative officer in charge.
188.8.131.52. Payment of the submission and maintenance charges for domains/sub-domains must be made by electronic payment or by cheque.
184.108.40.206. The FCCN will not reimburse any payments in the event of rejection, archiving or removal of a domain/sub-domain.
2.5.2 .com.pt sub-domains
The registration of .com.pt sub-domains is only subject to a biennial maintenance charge, the amount of which is given in appendix B to these regulations.
Le premier paiement doit ?tre effectu? par paiement ?lectronique au moment de la soumission on-line de la demande d'enregistrement du sous-domaine. The first payment must be made by electronic means at the time of the on-line submission of the application to register the sub-domain. Once the payment has been confirmed, the domain will be active and the FCCN will proceed to issue the respective invoice/receipt to the administrative officer in charge/applicant. Subsequent payments shall be made against the issue of a 30 day invoice. The FCCN will not reimburse any payments in the event of rejection, archiving or removal of a domain/sub-domain.
2.5.3. Review of charges
The amounts of the charges mentioned in appendix B will be reviewed annually in accordance with the rate of inflation. The amount to be paid as biennial maintenance charge is that which is in operation on the date of submission, and the updating of that sum during the period covered by the payment shall not imply any additional charge for the holder of the domain/sub-domain.
2.6.1. Besides the other cases established in these regulations, the application to register a domain/sub-domain will be rejected if it does not incorporate the conditions relative to the composition of names.
2.6.2. The rejection will be communicated to the administrative officer in charge and the domain/sub-domain registration application will be archived from that moment.
2.7.1. Alterations are undertaken in one of the following ways:
a) either by using the form attached to this document. The form must always give the name of the domain/sub-domain to which the intended alteration is to apply. The form containing the alterations, duly indicated in the respective filed, must be sent to the FCCN to the address given in 2.2.3.. If the alterations concern the primary or secondary servers, the FCCN must be notified at least eight working days in advance, before any modification by the technical officer in charge of the domain/sub-domain;
b) or, if it has a Nic Handle, login and password, by making the necessary changes on-line, which will be processed within 24 hours, except in anomalous cases.
2.7.2. If the alterations concern the identification of the above-mentioned contacts, the individual in charge of the domain/sub-domain will be responsible for updating this information.
2.7.3. Non-compliance with these procedures absolves the FCCN from any responsibility whatsoever with regard to the malfunctioning of this service.
2.7.4. Two steps are involved in altering the name of a domain/sub-domain, as follows:
2.8.2. A domain/sub-domain will be removed by the FCCN should any of the following situations come to its notice:
a) The applicant has ceased the activity which was presumed for the attribution of the domain;
b) The applicant has lost the right to use the domain/sub-domain, especially through a legal judgment or arbitration decision, or through loss of the title/condition that justified the attribution of the domain/sub-domain;
c) The registration was approved with the omission of legal formalities or injury to the rights of third parties, namely, the violation of the rules set out in these regulations relative to the admissibility of domain or sub-domain names;
d) The applicant has not furnished proof of the progress of the procedure to register a brand name, under the terms of point 220.127.116.11. or where the failure this to proceed is due to a motive ascribable to the applicant;
e) The content of the domain infringes the provision in point 18.104.22.168..
2.8.3. In addition to the other cases established in these regulations, a domain/sub-domain will be removed by the FCCN if:
a) Any payment is more than 30 days overdue;
b) The domain/sub-domain support servers do not comply with the technical conditions determined to be appropriate and the deadlines stipulated for the settlement of problems are not respected;
c) Insufficient and/or incorrect information has been supplied, preventing the FCCN from establishing contact;
d) The domain/sub-domain name clashes with international standards relative to the formulation of domain names.
2.8.4. The FCCN will notify the respective individual in charge, according to the type of problem in question, giving the reasons related to the removal of the domain/sub-domain.
2.8.5. In the event of the removal of any domain/sub-domain, the holder will not be entitled to any compensation.
The applicant for a domain/sub-domain assumes total responsibility for the choice of name requested, and is wholly responsible for ensuring that it does not challenge, specifically, the intellectual property rights of someone else or any other legitimate rights and interests of third parties.
As a consequence, the FCCN is absolved from any liability whatsoever for damage that may result from the registration of a domain/sub-domain or the improper use of it.
With the formalisation of the registration application, applicants give permission for the information relative to the domain requested, as well as the respective contacts, to be backed up on a computer and disseminated on the Internet by the FCCN.
2.10.1. The .pt DNS Consultative Board is a body that has consultative functions and is composed of members of recognised merit vis-à-vis the Internet, intellectual property and telecommunications.
2.10.2. The Consultative Board may, on its own initiative or when requested by the FCCN Executive Council, give opinions and issue recommendations on the management of the .pt name space on the Internet, with particular reference to:
a) Appraisal of the service provided to the Internet community;
b) Development of rules for the ".pt Domain/Sub-domain Registration Service".
2.10.3. The consultative Board may further be requested by the FCCN Executive Council to pronounce on other matters related to the .pt Domain/Sub-domain Registration Service, with particular reference to queries or complaints related to the application of these regulations.
2.11.1. In the event of conflict between the names of domains or sub-domains, the parties concerned may agree to go to arbitration, regulated in the following fashion:
a) Each party shall nominate an arbitrator, an expert in the Internet. The experts will in turn nominate a third expert to serve as chairman of the panel, and who will have a casting vote, in the case of a tie;
b) The costs associated with the arbitration process will be borne by each party, with respect to the arbitrator they have nominated, and divided equally between them in relation to the chairman of the panel.
2.11.2. The parties are expressly forbidden from resorting to other methods of settling disputes before the arbitration decision has been pronounced, and this must happen within a maximum period of 60 days, counting from the appointment of the arbitrators.
Under the terms of the Resolution of the Council of Ministers nº 69/97, of 5 May, it is incumbent upon the Minister for Science and Technology to resolve any differences that may exist between the FCCN and applicants or beneficiaries of Internet domains or sub-domains specific to Portugal.
2.13.1. These regulations shall apply from 5 February 2001.
2.13.2. The rules resulting from this revision shall not apply to applications pending on the date on which they come into force.
2.13.3. The rules for the ".pt Domain/Sub-domain Registration Service" are dynamic and not retro-active. No alteration to any point of the rules may affect the registration of a domain accomplished in the ambit of the previous rules.
2.13.4. In order to permit the management of the space for .PT names in accordance with its obligations vis-à-vis international authorities, or taking into account any restructuring of the .PT names' space that may be needed, the FCCN may proceed with the reservation of the .PT domains/sub-domains.
Without prejudice to the immediate introduction of the modifications to these regulations that are explained herein, global assessment shall again be applied one year after they have come into force, with a view to the possible introduction of alterations.
When an institution chooses to make its application for a domain by letter, it must use the form corresponding to the hierarchy in which it wishes its registration to be made, completing the empty fields and signing it.
The following Forms are available:
Registration in the .COM.PT hierarchy can only be done electronically, and so the form may be found on-line at http://www.dns.pt
The submission and maintenance charges described in point 2.5 are fixed as follows:
1. .pt domains/sub-domains, with the exception of .com.pt
There are two types of charge applicable to the registration of a domain/sub-domain.
Depending on the registration hierarchies, they are:
1.1 1.1. .pt; .net.pt; .gov.pt; .org.pt; .edu.pt; .int.pt and .publ.pt
2. .com.pt domains/sub-domains
The registration of .com.pt subdomains is subject to a single charge:
Payment must be made by electronic means or by the other methods described at: http://www.dns.pt.
*Including VAT at the current legal rate of 17%.