Naming Rules for the ".es" zone
1. General Regulations
Besides the requirements and prohibitions established
by the present regulations, regular domain names will
be assigned to the first applicant having the right
2. Rules for the assignment of a regular domain name
- Assignment of a regular domain name will be to
Spanish or foreign natural persons with legal residency
in Spain and organisations with their own legal personality
constituted according to Spanish Law, registered with
the corresponding Public Spanish Register.
- Entities without distinct legal personality such
as branches, departments, local offices, secretary's
offices, council offices, town councils or any other
part of an organisation cannot be assigned a domain
name and will have to register under the domain name
already assigned to the whole organisation to which
they belong to with the exception of what is contemplated
in the next section.
- Notwithstanding what is envisaged in the aforementioned
sections, the first branch of a foreign organisation
legally constituted and registered in the Spanish Mercantile
Register, the Ministerial Departments of the General
Administration and the Autonomous Communities Councils
will qualify for assignment of a regular domain name.
3. Permitted Regular Domain Names
- A regular domain name will be assigned if it complies
with the following requirements:
- It has not been already registered.
- It complies with the syntax rules (section 3.2).
- It does not come under any prohibition (section 3.3).
- It complies with the general rules for domain name derivation (section 3.4).
- Syntax Rules: The only valid characters for a domain name are the
letters from the alphabets of the Spanish languages
(the Domain Name System does not differentiate between
capital and small letters), digits ("0" -
"9") and the hyphen ("-") . N.B: Until the mechanisms for approval of multilingual
characters in the DNS are not operative, no domain name
containing letters from the Spanish languages different
to the ones included in the English alphabet will be
assigned under ".es". Whilst this situation
persists, such letters will have to be substituted for
other similar ones (i.e.: "ï¿½"
by "n" or "ny"). Neither the first nor the last character of a domain
name may be a hyphen. The minimum permitted length for a second level domain
name is 3 characters (in order to decrease possible
problems, the minimum advised is 5 characters). The maximum permitted length for a second level domain
name is 63 characters (due to practical reasons, the
maximum advised is 24 characters).
- Prohibitions. Under no circumstances will a domain name be assigned when:
- It coincides with any top level domain (for example:"edu",
"com", "gov", "mil", "org",
"int", "net", "arpa")
or with one proposed for one of the groups or organisations
of recognised Internet authority (for example: "firm",
"store", "web", "arts",
"rec", "info", or "nom").
- It is made up exclusively of toponyms (for example:
countries, districts, provinces, regions, town halls,
villages, islands, the people from or inhabitants of
a place or region, mountains, seas, lakes, rivers or
- It is made up exclusively of generic names (or its
abbreviations) of products, services, establishments,
sectors, professions, activities, hobbies, religions,
areas of human knowledge, technologies, classes or social
groups, illnesses, animal, vegetal or mineral , qualities
or characteristics of people, live beings or things.
- It coincides with names of protocols, applications
and Internet terminology (for example: "telnet",
"ftp", "email", "www",
"web", "smtp", "http",
"tcp", "dns", "wais",
"news", "rfc", "ietf",
"mbone", or "bbs").
- It is exclusively made up of a combination of the cases
analysed in the three previous sections. However, the
assignment of a regular domain name will be permitted
when exclusively made up of a combination of the analysed
cases in the 3 previous sections when the combination
identifies unambiguously the organisation registering
a domain name. This can only be applied to public organisms
and organisations incontestably recognised by the public
throughout the whole State.
- It includes terms or expressions which are against
the Law, moral and public order.
- It is publicly and notoriously associated with an organisation,
acronym or trademark other than that of the domain name
- It is made up exclusively of first names or surnames
of people except when it matches literally with a trademark
or a commercial name registered with the Oficina Espaï¿½ola
de Patentes y Marcas (Spanish Office for Patents and
Trademarks) or in the Office for Harmonisation of the
Internal Market in the name of the organisation or the
natural person applying for the domain name.
- It is made up of a sequence of digits, except when
it literally matches with a trademark or a commercial
name registered with the OEPM (Spanish Office for Patents
and Trademarks) for the organisation applying for the
- General rules for Domain Names Derivation:
- Only the following regular domain names will be assigned:
- The full organisation name as it appears in its deed
or constitution document.
- An acronym of the full name of the organisation qualified
as much as possible, so that it can be easily and directly
associated with the official name of the organisation
and preferably an acronym normally used by the organisation
and legally registered with the OEPM (Spanish Office
for Patents and Trademarks).
- One or more trade names or legally registered trademarks
as they appear in the register of the Spanish Office
for Patents and Trademarks or of the Office for Harmonisation
of the Internal Market No sign establishments , due
to its local character will be admitted.
- Natural persons will only be assigned the domain names
according to section (c), i.e. trade names or registered
trademarks which they hold.
- No organisation will be allowed to register an
acronym which does not reasonably or intuitively match
up with its official name.
- Neither will it be allowed to register domain
names which contain standbys or postscripts (such as
the "net" suffix or the "inter"
prefix, etc.) which bear no relation to the official
name of the organisation applying.
- When the application of the current general rules
for domain name derivation results in a contradiction
with rules 3.2 and 3.3, the domain name will not be
admitted and will have to be modified or qualified in
such a way that complies with such rules, even when
the suggested domain name literally matches up with
the full name of the organisation applying for the domain
name or with one of the registered trademarks or commercial
names registered by the applicant. For example, if it
contains non-permitted characters, these will have to
be substituted by some other similar ones; if the domain
name is a generic or a toponymic one, it will have to
be qualified with the organisationï¿½s
legal form (for example, "-sa", "-sl","-ltd",
"-sc", "fundacion-" or "fund-","asociacion-"
or"asoc-") or in the case of a trademark,
with the number of the international class of services
and products in which it is registered by the domain
name applicant (for example,"-38", "-c38"
or "-clase 38").
4. Terms and Conditions for the assignment of regular
- The ultimate responsibility of the use of a regular
domain name is always with the organisation for which
such a domain name has been registered. Particularly,
an Internet service provider is not the administrative
contact person for a domain name assigned to an organisation
to which they offer a service; even if the provider
has acted as the intermediary for the assignment of
the domain name or if the provider is managing, on behalf
of the organisation, the primary server for the second
level associated to such domain name. An organisation can keep the same regular domain name
even when changing the provider or if connected to different
- In all applications for the assignment of regular
domain names, the person designated as intermediary
for administrative functions must have sufficient authority
from the organisation applying for the domain name.
- The assignment of regular domain names will only
have validity whilst the conditions which produced such
an assignment remain valid.. The assignment of regular
domain names will be cancelled if it is proven that
the registration breached the rules or if the Administration
determines that the holder of the domain name has lost
the right to the assignment.
- The beneficiaries from the assignment of domain
names must immediately inform the registration authority
of any changes produced in the data associated to the
registration of a domain name.
- The assignment of a regular domain name does not
give other right for its use as part of the Internet
domain name system.
- The authority for assignment will not be, in any
case, responsible for the violation of the intellectual
or industrial property rights, or of any other rights
or legitimate interests which could derive from it. The staff and the representatives of the assignment
authority will neither be, in any case, responsible
for the possible violations referred to in the afore
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